At-risk students – specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success and life-long achievement and health of students. Migrant education – A program of instruction and services for children who move periodically with their families from one school to another in a different geographical area to secure seasonal employment. Standard school day  – A General education – K-12 instruction that meets the commonwealth’s Standards of Learning and prepares children for elementary, secondary and postsecondary success. Alternative education – English-language learners (ELL) – Blended course – A course that combines two modes of instruction, online and face-to-face. Virginia’s assessment system includes students with disabilities and English learners. verified unit of credit awarded by a local school board in accordance with the state Board of Education regulations. How to use education in a sentence. Substitute tests  – Tests approved by the Board of Education as substitutes for SOL end-of-course tests for awarding verified credit for high school; examples include Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), SAT II, as well as a number of certifications and licensing examinations in career and technical fields. School psychologist  – A person licensed by the Board of Psychology to practice school psychology with demonstrated competencies in assessing students' cognitive abilities, academic performance, interpersonal emotional/social functioning and sensory-motor functioning, as well as the understanding of the knowledge, skills, and processes for direct and indirect interventions. More about Gifted Student Instruction, Governor’s school – A school serving gifted high school students who meet specific admissions criteria for advanced educational opportunities in areas including the arts, government and international studies, mathematics, science, and technology. A bursary (New Zealand) the higher of two bursaries available for students entering university, polytechnic, etc academic belonging or relating to a place of learning, esp a college, … Online learning – Virtual learning  – Education in which instruction and content are delivered primarily over the internet. A program of instruction and services for non-English-speaking students or English learners to help them learn and succeed in school . The glossary should contain definitions for terms in the main text that … Portfolio  – A More about Title I. Cyber school – calendar day that averages at least five and one-half instructional hours for students in grades 1-12, excluding breaks for meals and recess, and a minimum of three instructional hours for students in kindergarten. One of two commonly used tests designed to assess high school students' general educational development and their ability to complete college-level work in four skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. More about Early Childhood. Instructional and support practices that acknowledge that culture is central to learning and encouraging to learn by building on the experiences, knowledge and skills they bring to the classroom, group, office or meeting. Mediation – A voluntary, state-administered special education dispute- resolution option that involves a meeting facilitated by an impartial, trained mediator to assist parents and school staff in their negotiations with each other. As you address your child’s learning or attention problems with teachers and other professionals, you will probably hear many terms … Back to top. (i) a private or nonprofit organization that enters into a contract with a local school board to provide online courses or programs through that school board to students who reside in Virginia both within and outside the boundaries of the contracting division; (ii) a private or nonprofit organization that enters into contracts with multiple local school boards to provide online courses or programs to students in grades K-12 through those school boards; or (iii) a local school board that provides online courses or programs to students who reside in Virginia but outside the boundaries of the school division. Back to top. C. Career and Technical Education (CTE) – A set of learning experiences – both in and out of the classroom – that helps students gain the skills, technical capacity, academic foundation, and real-world knowledge they need to prepare for high-skill, high-demand, high-wage careers. Core curriculum – Digital learning resources that have been published with a copyright license that permits their free use and modification. Licensed clinical psychologist – A Reconstitution  – A Glossary of Educational Terms Many UK and International educational terms are unfamiliar to some schools and booksellers. More about Locally Developed Assessments, Locally awarded verified credit – A A student is economically disadvantaged if the student: If the student is identified as experiencing homelessness or becomes identified as migrant, at any point during the school year, the student is automatically identified as economically disadvantaged and is also eligible for the Free and Reduced Meals Program. Literary fund – Established in the Constitution of Virginia (Article VIII, § 8) as a permanent and perpetual school fund that provides low-interest loans to school divisions for capital expenditures, such as construction of new buildings or remodeling of existing buildings. A person working face-to-face with an online student to provide physical supervision and support. A formal complaint is considered a request that the Virginia Department of Education ’s Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services investigate an alleged violation of a right of a parent and/or child with disabilities who is eligible, or believed to be eligible, for certain services based on federal and state laws and regulations governing special education. Online learning program – An organized offering of courses delivered primarily over the internet; synonymous with eLearning Program, cyber learning and virtual learning . Frequently used educational terms: learning and attention problems. PBIS is designed to impact school culture by shifting attention to positive behavior and successful learning systems. Glossary of education terms (A–C) Glossary of education terms (D–F) Glossary of education terms (G–L) Glossary of education terms … Adult/continuing education – A program of instruction provided by an adult/continuing education instructional organization for adults and youth beyond the age of compulsory school attendance including basic education and English literacy, English for speakers of other languages, civics education, GED testing services, adult secondary education and Individualized Student Alternative Education Plan (ISAEP) programs. accreditation agency– A nongovernmental body established to administer accrediting procedures. College-level courses and assessments published by the College Board. 1:1: One laptop or device … The act of complying with state and local requirements for registration or admission of a child for attendance in a school within a local school division; also refers to registration for courses within the student’s home school or within related schools or programs. Seat-time  – The amount of instructional time required to earn a credit (Carnegie unit) and in online learning is indicated by amount of time engaged in coursework. Personalized learning  – Limited-English proficient (LEP) – See English-language learners. The glossaries listed below contain terms related to specific subjects. | Learn more », Academic-Language Development (see Academic Language), see Authentic Learning, Demonstration of Learning, see Capstone Project, Demonstration of Learning, Computer-adaptive testing (see Computer-Adaptive Test), Critical Friends Group (see Professional Learning Community), see Personalized Learning, Student-Centered Learning, see Learning Standards, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Proficiency, Competency-Based Learning, see Learning Standards, Competency-Based Learning, see Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Learning Pathway, Competency-Based Learning, see Continuous Improvement, Professional Development, Professional Learning Community, see Assessment, Criterion-Referenced Test, see Critical Friend, Professional Learning Community, see Multicultural Education, School Culture, see Asynchronous Learning, Synchronous Learning, English Learner (see English-Language Learner), Extended Learning Opportunity (see Learning Pathway), Grade-Level Expectations (see Learning Progression, Learning Standards), see Learning Objectives, Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see Learning Objectives, Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see High Expectations, Learning Standards, Proficiency, Rigor, see Professional Learning Community, School Community, see Demonstration of Learning, Capstone Project, see High Expectations, Learning Standards, see Learning Objectives, Learning Standards, Student Outcomes, Limited English Proficient (see English-Language Learner), Long-Term English Language Learner (see Long-Term English Learner), see Project-Based Learning, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Assessment, Demonstration of Learning, see Learning Pathway, Personalized Learning, Professional Learning Group (see Professional Learning Community), see Learning Standards, Proficiency, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Learning Pathway, Proficiency-Based Learning, Supplemental Instruction (see Academic Support, Expanded Learning Time), School-Improvement Committee or School-Improvement Council (see Leadership Team), Student Learning Objectives (see Learning Objectives), see Standards-Based, Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Standards-Based, Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Criterion-Referenced Test, Standards-Referenced, Standards-Based, see Personally Identifiable Information, Student-Level Data, Unique Student Identifier, see Learning Objectives, Learning Standards, Student Outcomes, Students will be able to… (see Learning Objectives), The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members. The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members Created by the Great Schools Partnership , the GLOSSARY OF EDUCATION REFORM is a comprehensive online resource that describes widely used school-improvement terms… More about Open Education Resources program designed to remedy, strengthen and improve the academic achievement of students who demonstrate substandard performance. Standardized testing  – Tests administered and scored under uniform (standardized) conditions. Child Care & Early Education Glossary. Association for Educational … No Child Left behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) – eVA: Transparency in Procurement - external link, Single Sign-on for Web Systems Students with disabilities and English learners may take Standards of Learning tests with or without accommodations or they may be assessed through alternate or alternative assessments. See Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Bullying includes cyber bullying. Project-based learning  – An educational approach emphasizing creativity and critical thinking which uses broad, complex problems as a method for learning both content and skills. Digital learning – SOL curriculum framework  – Composite index of local ability to pay – The composite index determines a school division’s ability to pay education costs fundamental to the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality (SOQ). At home or in a health care facility: The student is unable to participate in the normal day-to-day activities typically expected during school attendance; and absences from home are infrequent, of relatively short duration, or to receive health care treatment. Verified unit of credit  – Earned credit based on a standard unit of credit, plus a passing score on the corresponding end-of-course Standards of Learning test or substitute test approved by the Board of Education. More about School Psychology Services, School Readiness – Describes the capabilities of children, families, schools and communities that promote student success in kindergarten and beyond. A cohort “on-time” graduation rate is the percentage of students in a cohort who earn a diploma within four years of entering the ninth grade. Or it may refer to changing the roles of teachers and administrators, allocating more decision-making power to teachers, and involving parents in decisions. CONTACT US calculation approximating what most school divisions spend to operate their schools used to establish the funded cost of many components of the Standards of Quality, such as instructional salaries. Coverage includes all sectors of education: pre-school, primary, secondary, further and higher education, special needs, adult and continuing education… Online course – Any course offered over the Internet; synonymous with e-course, virtual course and cyber course. Accountability – Virginia’s accountability system supports teaching and learning by setting rigorous academic standards – known as the Standards of Learning (SOL) – and through annual statewide assessments of student achievement. Types of credentials include Full Industry Certification, Pathway Industry Certification, Occupational Competency Skills Assessment, State License, and Workplace Readiness Skills for the Commonwealth Certification. that offers full-time education delivered primarily over the internet; synonymous with virtual school, e-school and cyber school. Supplement No:6. It can mean reorganizing the school day or year and changing conventional practices, such as grouping students by age for an entire school year or giving competitive grades. Arts integration means learning core content side by side with–and through–art. College Board – A non-profit organization that develops and administers the SAT and other standardized tests and curricula used by K–12 and post-secondary institutions to promote college-readiness and as part of the college admissions process. Back to top. An individual who has met statutory and state Board of Education requirements for teaching and has been issued a license authorizing him or her to teach in the subject area. Reading First – A federal program focusing on proven methods of early reading instruction to ensure all children learn to read well by the end of third grade. public school that contains any combination of K-12 grade levels and is not an elementary (K-5), middle (6-8) or high school (9-12). (SSWS), Virginia Department of Education Commonwealth of Virginia, 2020, An Agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia, Skip to the VDOE Website Accessibility Section, Implementing the Foreign Language SOL Guide, Virtual School Programs (Multidivision Online Providers), U.S. Department of Education: Student Loans, State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. Universal accessibility (online)  – A requirement of Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act, that learning materials, including interfaces, images, sounds, multimedia elements and all other forms of information, must be made available for use by anyone, regardless of disability. The terms … Advanced Placement (AP) – Pedagogy  – Instructional methods, practices, techniques and strategies. Virginia assessment program  – All students in tested grade levels and courses are expected to participate in Virginia’s assessment program, unless specifically exempted by state or federal law or by Board of Education regulations. More about the Standards of Accreditation, Standards of Learning (SOL)  – The minimum grade-level and subject-matter educational objectives, described as the knowledge and skills "necessary for success in school and for preparation for life,” that students are expected to meet in Virginia public schools and specified by the Standards of Quality. Clear the box to return to the full glossary. The degree to which students in specific racial groups may or may not be at higher risk for being identified as having a disability and/or in a specific disability category compared with students not in that racial group. More about Accreditation & Federal Reports. More about Mediation. Benchmark – A An assessment selected and carried out by a local educational agency that is separate from an assessment required by the state or federal government. Culturally responsive practices – Title I school  – A Instruction provided by a parent or parents, guardian or other person having control or charge of a student as an alternative to attendance in a public or private school in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Virginia (§22.1-254.1). elementary teachers  Teachers who teach preschool up through grade 6. evaluation … Deeper Learning – Students demonstrate knowledge through six competencies: mastering core academic content, thinking critically and solving complex problems, working collaboratively, communicating effectively, learning how to learn, and developing academic mindsets. The standards are established in the Constitution of Virginia, defined in the Code of Virginia and prescribed by the state Board of Education, subject to revision only by the General Assembly. by the Storage Networking Industry Association The SNIA Dictionary contains terms and definitions related to storage and other information technologies, and is the storage networking industry's most comprehensive effort to arrive at a common body of terminology for the technologies it represents. Results from these tests – which most students take online – are used by the commonwealth to identify schools in need of assistance and to inform parents and the public about the progress of schools through the awarding of annual accreditation ratings. Back to top. Specialty school  – See magnet school/center. Glossary of Education Terms This page explains the terms and acronyms used in California’s education system. A K-8 school is an example of a combined school. Virginia students may substitute AP examinations for end-of-course Standards of Learning tests in the same subject areas. A cohort dropout rate is the percentage of students in the cohort who drop out during the same period. is the world’s leading online source for English definitions, synonyms, word origins and etymologies, audio pronunciations, example sentences, slang phrases, idioms, word games, legal and medical terms, Word of the Day and more. Block scheduling – A way of organizing the school day into blocks of time longer than the traditional 50-minute class period; with the 4X4 block, students take four 90-minute classes each day allowing for completion of an entire course in one semester instead of a full year; with an A/B, or rotating, block, students take six to eight classes for an entire year but classes in each subject meet on alternate days for 90 minutes. Standards of Quality (SOQ)  – The foundational educational program every public school division in Virginia must provide. Accessibility – The design of software, devices and learning materials that enables all learners to fully use content and features. Ratings are based on the achievement of students on tests taken during the previous academic year or on a three-year average of achievement. Secondary school  – A public school with any grades 9 through 12. More about Governor's School Programs, Graduate – A student who has earned a Board of Education-recognized diploma. a teaching job, this glossary … To find a specific word or phrase, enter it in the search box below. Accreditation – A process to evaluate the performance of public schools in accordance with Board of Education regulations. Projects are authentic and generally cross-curricular and require collaboration, either with peers or experts. Back to top. Groupings of occupations and industries that are used for organizing curriculum design, career counseling and guidance. Elementary school – A school with grades kindergarten through five. More about IDEA, Individualized education program (IEP) – A written plan created for a student with disabilities by the student's parents, certain school personnel (including the student’s teachers) and other interested parties. Education in which instruction and content are delivered primarily over the Internet; synonymous with e-learning, cyber learning and virtual learning. Dropouts – Students who end their high school education before earning a diploma, high school equivalency or certificate of completion. Glossary of Education Terms Like all other professionals, educators use language and terms that are specific to the profession. Although it is most generally associated with students with disabilities, the idea can be extended to include the individual learning needs of any student. Teacher Dictionary. school-operated program that provides custodial care of pre-school students enrolled in a school or system before school day starts and/or after a school day ends.

educational terminology dictionary

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