German Dictator and leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II. The leader of Italy during World War II was Benito Mussolini, who was a dictator. The Fascist regime hoped to establish a new “Roman” Empire, encompassing the Mediterranean Sea and beyond into North and East Africa and into the Levant (Syria and Lebanon). blitzkrieg. The Italian campaigns in North Africa and Greece turned into quagmires that required Germany's intervention. Italy - Italy - World War II: Only in June 1940, when France was about to fall and World War II seemed virtually over, did Italy join the war on Germany’s side, still hoping for territorial spoils. While Mussolini understood that peace was essential to Italy’s well-being, that a long war might prove disastrous, and that he must not “march blindly with the Germans,” he was beset by concerns that the Germans “might do good business cheaply” and that by not intervening on their side in World War II he would lose his “part of the booty.” (1883 - 1945) The leader of Italy during World War II. The Axis Power. Benito Mussolini was the leader of Italy during the war. German for "lightning war." Adolf Hitler. Hitler the leader of Germany. Some political leaders in France and Britain opposed sanctions arguing that it might persuade Mussolini to form an alliance with Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. The League of Nations condemned Italy's aggression and in November imposed sanctions. Connect to Today: With the passing of time and the creation of modern political and economic alliances like the Group of 8, the wartime and postwar tensions between the former Allied and Axis powers of the World War II might now be considered a distant memory.In 2002, however, President George W. Bush revived the notion of an enemy alliance when he referred to Iran, Iraq and North Korea … Italy joined Germany to fight against the Allied countries. He was a leader in creating Fascism, a belief in an authoritarian government. This included an attempt to ban countries from selling arms, rubber and some metals to Italy. And though Hirohito was the Emperor of Japan, Tojo was it's military leader and in effect the third major political leader of the Axis powers. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th 1889 in a small Austrian town called Braunau, near to the German border. Mussolini announced his decision—one bitterly opposed by his foreign minister, Galeazzo Ciano—to huge crowds across Italy on June 10. Churchill is one of the main World War 2 leaders, and one of the most prominent national leaders in history. World War II Having formally joined the Axis in 1939, Italy declared war on Britain and France in June 1940, entering World War II as Germany's ally. Prime minister of New Zealand joined World War 2 beside Great Britain when the war started. Books have been written about this argument due to the difficult political relations between the Church, the Kingdom and the Party, the three biggest entities in Italy until 1945. It refers to the policy of using strong, quick-moving armed forces to break through enemy lines. Benito Mussolini Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943) and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. Joseph Stalin was the very brutal Communist dictator of Russia (1928-1953). 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